Aggrenox - the combined antiplatelet agent. There are two active ingredients - acetilsalicylic acid and dipiridamol. Action of such combination is caused by different biochemical mechanisms. Aggrenox is prescribed for secondary prevention of ischemic stroke which proceeds as thrombosis. Medicine is also effective for prevention of transitory ischaemic attack.
Aldactone, which is spironolactone - is a competitive antagonist of aldosteron. In disteel kidney tubules increases removal of sodium and water, reduces - potassium. Lowers arterial pressure. It is prescribed at hyperaldosteronism, diagnostics of hyperaldosteronism, adenoma of adrenal glands, producing aldosterone; edema syndrome at chronic heart failure, cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, nephropathy of pregnant women; arterial hypertension, hypokalaemia, as additional medicine at malignant hypertension, hypokalaemia, prevention of hypokalaemia at patients with cardiac glycoside.
Antabuse - the medicine for treatment of alcoholism. The effect of medicine is implemented due to blockade of acetaldehydehydrogenaz which takes part in ethanol metabolism in consequence of which rises the level of acetaldehyde which causes a number of negative symptoms (including hot flashes, hyperemia of face, vomiting, tachycardia and increase in pressure). These effects arising after alcohol intake lead to development of cause-effect relations and rejections of alcohol intake. Thus, the patient has a conditioned-reflex disgust for a smell and taste of alcohol.
An oxyuricide drug. It increases permeability of membranes of cells of helminths for Ca2+, it causes the generalized reduction of muscles passing into the persistent paralysis leading to death of helminths. Indications field: trematodoza; paragonimiasis; fascioliasis; giant intestinal fluke infection; snail fever intestinal; snail fever urinogenital; cestodiasis; cysticercosis; neurocysticercosis.
Cordarone - antiarrhytmic drug of III class (repolarization inhibitor). Possesses also anti-anginal, coronarodilator, alpha and beta, adrenoceptor blocking and hypotensive action. The anti-anginal effect of Cordarone is caused by coronarodilator and anti-adrenergic action, reduction of need of a myocardium for oxygen.
Diamox weak diuretic which is taken at edematous syndrome, craniocereberal hypertensia, glaucoma, epilepsy and mountain disease. Inhibits carbonic anhydrase in a proximal gyrose tubule of nephron, increases removal with urine Na+, K+, hydrocarbonate, does not influence Cl- egestion, alkalinizes urine.
Eldepryl - antiparkinsonian agent. The MAO-B selective inhibitor, participating in dopamine metabolism, etc. catecholamines. Dopamine metabolism, the return capture oppresses at the level of presynaptic nerves, promoting thereby increase in its concentration in kernels of extrapyramidal system, etc. parts of a brain.
Enalapril is prescribed at various forms of arterial hypertension, including renovascular hypertensia, and also as a part of a combination therapy of chronic heart failure. Enalapril - anti-hypertensive drug, the mechanism of its action is connected with reduction of education from angiotensin I of angiotensin II which decrease leads to direct reduction of release of Aldosteronum.