Abilify is designed for patients with diagnosis named schizophrenia. It is used either during the exacerbation period or for maintenance treatment. Abilify is also prescribed in cases of an acute manic episodes of type 1 in manic-depressive psychosis, and as a supportive treatment for bipolar affective disorders. Abilify can be used as an additional treatment during depressive disorders. According to some experts, the drug can be used in order to treat alcoholism.
Accutane, which is isotretinoin, - is a form of vitamin A, belongs to the group of retinoids. It is often used to treat complex, neglected forms of acne, when the remaining anti-acne drugs do not have a positive effect on the treatment of acne. Accutane inhibits the production of sebum and reduces the size of the gums with the main active substance isotretinoin. It is proved that isotretinoin has an antiseptic effect. Also, isotretinoin thinens the stratum corneum of the epidermis to more easily penetrate deep into the affected area. Due to the fact that Accutane suppresses the sebum secretion by reducing the sebaceous glands themselves, this allows to reduce the migration of bacteria in the ducts. And due to the fact that the stratum corneum is thin, the skin fat has an outlet to the outside, from which there is no blockage of the pores and, as a result, pimples.
Aceon, which is perindopril - is prescribed at hypertensia, stroke prevention, chronic cardiac failure. Medicine has a vasorelaxant action, it reduces an afterload due to TPR relief, the medicine reduces resistance in vessels of lungs. It is observed increase of the minute volume of myocardium and increase tolerance of myocardium to strain. The medicine has the natriuretic effect and cardioprotection action. The effect of hypotension is observed in 60 minutes after taking the medicine. Arterial pressure loss isn't followed by development of tachycardia. The maximum therapeutic effect is observed in 4-8 hours, the effect is long-term (up to 24 hours). Perindopril improves brain, kidneys, and myocardium circulation, it reduces the needs of cardiomyocytes for oxygen at CHD.
Aciphex - the medicine, normalizing acidity of a stomach, inhibitor of a proton pomp. It is prescribed at gastroduodenal ulcer in the exacerbation phase, gastroesophageal reflux disease; states which are characterized by pathological hyper secretion including Zollinger-Ellison syndrome. In combination with bactericide - Helicobacter pylori eradication at patients with gastric ulcer or chronic gastritis; treatment and prevention of recurrence of an ulcer at patients with gastric ulcer related to Helicobacter pylori.
Actonel, which is risedronate - is prescribed for treatment and prevention of osteoporosis (post-menopausal, caused by corticosteroids), Paget disease. Risedronate binds to substance of a bone tissue, inhibits its resorption mediated by osteoclasts and reduces a bone turn (does not break process of formation of a bone). It increases the biomechanical strength and volume of bone mass. The maximum decrease in a bone turn is observed in 3-6 months, remaining at the same level during a course of treatment.
Actos, which is pioglitazone - is prescribed to patients with diabetes of type 2 (both as monotherapy, and in a form of the combined therapy with sulphonylurea, metformin or insulin as additional medicine to dietotherapy and physical exercises). Pioglitazone represents peroral hypoglycemic medicine of Thiazolidinediones alignment which effect depends on insulin presence. It is a high-selective agonist of gamma receptors, activated by proliferator of peroxysom (PPAR-γ).
Adalat, which is nifedipine - belongs to hypotensive medicine with antianginalny activity. Blocking calcic channels, an active component of Adalat (nifedipine) causes decrease in intracellular concentration of ions of calcium in smooth muscle cell of intima of vessels and cardiocyte, causing vasodilatory action - in particular, on coronary vessels. As a result of decreases systolic blood pressure, falls TPR and decreases afterload on cardiac muscle. Except for normalization of a coronary blood flow, Adalat promotes pressure decrease in system of pulmonary artery, improves cerebral haemo dynamics. Long-term taking of medicine guarantees anti-atherogenous action, prevents thrombocyte aggregation.
Aggrenox - the combined antiplatelet agent. There are two active ingredients - acetilsalicylic acid and dipiridamol. Action of such combination is caused by different biochemical mechanisms. Aggrenox is prescribed for secondary prevention of ischemic stroke which proceeds as thrombosis. Medicine is also effective for prevention of transitory ischaemic attack.
Albenza - anthelmintic agent which is active concerning adult individuals and larval forms. Albendazole influences polymerization of β-tubulin, which stops it. As a result, occurs violation of formation of microtubules in intestines of helminths, the ability of vermis to acquire glucose is suppressed. It is blocked the normal intracellular migration of organellas, and it is prevented the synthesis of ATP in their muscular tissue. Creation of therapeutic concentration of albendaloze leads to death of helminths. Medicine causes death of nematodes (Necator americanus, Strongyloides stercoralis, Enterobius vermicularis, Trichuris trichiura, Ascaris lumbricoides, Cutaneous Larva Migrans, Ancylostoma duodenale), cestode (pig, bull and dwarf tapeworm), trematode (Clonorchis sinensis, Opisthorchis viverrini), elementary (Lamblia).
Aldactone, which is spironolactone - is a competitive antagonist of aldosteron. In disteel kidney tubules increases removal of sodium and water, reduces - potassium. Lowers arterial pressure. It is prescribed at hyperaldosteronism, diagnostics of hyperaldosteronism, adenoma of adrenal glands, producing aldosterone; edema syndrome at chronic heart failure, cirrhosis, nephrotic syndrome, nephropathy of pregnant women; arterial hypertension, hypokalaemia, as additional medicine at malignant hypertension, hypokalaemia, prevention of hypokalaemia at patients with cardiac glycoside.
Being a part of the medicine Allegra - fexofenadine it is an antihistamine with a selective antagonistic activity to H1-receptors without anticholinergic and blocking alfa1-adrenergic receptors; also at fexofenadine isn't observed a sedative action and other effects from the central nervous system. The antihistaminic effect of Allegra is observed in 1 hour, reaching its maximum in 6 hours, and proceeds within 24 hours. After 28 days of taking the medicine there wasn't observed the accustoming to it.
Altace, which is Antihypertensive (the reducing arterial pressure) medicine, inhibitor of angiotensine transforming enzyme. Suppressing angiotensin II synthesis, narrowing a luminal occlusion also reduces its stimulating influence on effuse of aldosteron. Increases activity of a renin in plasma. The medicine also inhibits metabolism (interferes with decomposition in an organism) of bradykinin. Medicine reduces the general vascular peripheral resistance, does not change significantly a renal blood flow.
Amaryl - a medicine of group of sulphonylurea, the peroral hypoglycemic medicine. It has an initially prolonged effect. The mechanism of action consists in stimulation of secretion and release of insulin from beta cells of a pancreas (pancreatic effect). It also increases sensitivity of fatty and muscular tissues to effect of insulin (extrapancreatic effect).
Amoxil - is a semi-synthetic aminopenicillin antibiotic of broad spectrum effects for oral administration. Suppresses the synthesis of the cell wall of the following bacteria: Corynebacteriumdiphtheriae, Enterococcus faecalis, Listeria monocytogenes, Streptococcus agalactiae, Streptococcus bovis, Streptococcus pyogenes; Helicobacter pylori; Peptostreptococcus; Borrelia.
Ampicillin - Semi-synthetic penicillin, which has a wide range of effects and exhibits bactericidal effect. Suppresses the synthesis of the cell wall of bacteria: Streptococcus pneumoniae, Staphylococcus spp., Bacillus anthracis, Clostridium spp., Enterococcus faecalis, Listeria spp., Haemophilus influenzae, Neisseria meningitidis, Proteus mirabilis, Pasteurella multocida, Salmonella spp., Shigella spp., Escherichia coli, Aerobic non-spore-forming bacteria. Acid-resistant.
Anafranil, which is clomipramine - is a tricyclic antidepressant. Clomipramine has antiserotonin effect, it eliminates night enuresis, causes loss of appetite. Sedative action is shown due to linkng with H1-histamine receptors, blocking of alpha-adrenoceptors. Medicine eliminates arrhythmia, slows down ventricular conductivity. The anti-depressive effect is implemented due to increase in concentration of noradrenaline, serotonin in synapses because of weakening of the process of recapture of these substances by presynaptic neurons.
Antabuse - the medicine for treatment of alcoholism. The effect of medicine is implemented due to blockade of acetaldehydehydrogenaz which takes part in ethanol metabolism in consequence of which rises the level of acetaldehyde which causes a number of negative symptoms (including hot flashes, hyperemia of face, vomiting, tachycardia and increase in pressure). These effects arising after alcohol intake lead to development of cause-effect relations and rejections of alcohol intake. Thus, the patient has a conditioned-reflex disgust for a smell and taste of alcohol.
Arava - a basic medicine with antirheumatic effect. Action is happened due to active metabolite of leflunomid. It has the inhibiting action on degidrorotate-dehydrogenase. Taking the medicine the progression of rheumatoid arthritis is slowed down, it is stopped the affection of arthral layers. Development of therapeutic effect is observed in a month. Increase of effect is noted within half a year.
Arimidex, which is anastrozole - is prescribed for women in the post-menopausal period of widespread breast cancer. As exception can be patients with estrogen negative cancer if only earlier they didn't have a positive clinical answer on tamoxifen. For adjuvant therapy at the patients in the post-menopausal period having the positive indicators of receptor of hormone, an invasive estrogenpositive breast cancer at early stages. For adjuvant therapy at patients in a post-menopausal period who had adjuvant treatment by tamoxifen within 2-3 years, estrogen of a positive breast cancer at early stages.
Aristocort - glucocorticoid drug (the adrenal hormone influencing carbohydrate and protein metabolism). Renders prominent antiinflammatory, antiallergic and immunodepressive (suppressing immunity - body defences of an organism) effect. It is prescribed at rheumatism, allergic reactions, multiform erythema (variously proceeding skin disease which occurs with rubefaction of affected area of skin), pseudorheumatism (the infectious and allergic disease from a group of collagenoses which is characterized by chronic progressing inflammation of joints); systemic lupus erythematosus and other collagenoses.
Artane, which is trihexyphenidyl - has a prominent central and peripheral cholinolytic effect. It is prescribed to patients with the diagnosed Parkinsonism of various etiology and other diseases of extrapyramidal system which are followed by increase in a muscle tone and hyperkinesias (violent automatic movements owing to involuntary reduction of muscles).
Asendin, which is amoxapine, is used at treatment of major depressive disorder. In comparison with other antidepressants, it has more quick start of action, at the same time its therapeutic effects are observed from four to seven days. The drug also has the properties similar to atypical anti-psychotics, and can be used not on direct treatment of schizophrenia. Asendin - is a tetracyclic antidepressant from a family of dibenzoxazepine, however the drug is often classified as tricyclic antidepressant - of secondary amines.
Aspirin renders analgesic, febrifugal effect, in high doses has - antiinflammatory action. It has antiaggregant (interfering formation of a clot) activity. It is prescribed at pain syndrome of mild and moderate intensity, including inflammatory, genesis, in particular, headache, dentagra, algodismenorrhea, feverish states, including, acute respiratory infections, thrombophlebitises, thromboses of vessels of retina, disturbance of cerebral circulation, coronary heart disease.
In case of an arterial hypertension of Atacand causes dose-dependent long lowering of arterial pressure. Anti-hypertensive action happens due to decrease in system peripheric resistance without reflex increase in heart rate. Instructions on serious or strengthened hypotension after taking of the first dose or Withdrawal Effect after termination of treatment are absent.
Atarax - renders spasmolytic, sympatholytic and soft analgesic effect. Under the effect of the drug it is increased the general duration of a dream, reduction of quantity and duration of night awakenings, decreases the muscle tone, it does not cause memory disturbance. It isn't reffered to CNS depressants, but can oppress the activity of separate zones of subcrustal area. It possesses antihistaminic and bronchodilating effect. In usual therapeutic dose the drug has no effect on secretory and acid-forming. It is effective in treatment of itch at various allergic dermatitis, urticaria and eczema.
Augmentin - the Antibiotic of a broad spectrum of activity. It has bacterolytic (destroying bacteria) effect. It is active concerning a wide range of aerobic and anaerobic gram-positive and aerobic gramnegative microorganisms, including strains producing betalactamase. It is prescribed at diagnosing of bacterial infections caused by microorganisms, sensitive to drug: infections of upper respiratory tracts, bacterial infections of skin and soft tissues, infections of urogenital tract, sepsis, infection pelvic organs.
Avapro - the remedy which is used separately or in combination with other drugs for treatment of high blood pressure. It is also used for treatment of diseases of kidneys caused by diabetes mellitus 2 type (the state at which the organism can't use insulin normally and, therefore, can't control amount of sugar in blood) and high blood pressure. Irbesartan in a class of the drugs called antagonists of receptors of angiotensin II. It works by blocking of effects of some natural substances which tighten blood vessels that allows blood flow more smoothly and the heart works more effectively.
Aygestin - the pharmaceutical preparation, containing synthetic analog of hormones of a yellow body of an ovary, it has a prominent effect on an internal cover of a uterus. It causes changes in an inside layer of a uterus, preparing it for implantation of an oospore, provides normal course of pregnancy, reduces contractility of a uterus, especially pregnant stimulates development of lactigerous parts of mammary glands. It is taken at treatment of a secondary amenorrhea, dysfunctional bleedings, polymenorrheas with the shortened phase of a yellow body, endometriosis, endometrial cancer, mastodynia and diffusion mastopathy.
Azulfidine - a medicine with antimicrobic and antiinflammatory properties. It is taken at ulcer colitis, an ulcer proctitis, a pseudorheumatism, Crohn's disease. After reception Sulfasalazinum - it is observed the normal intestinal microflora, and as result of the molecule of active ingredient breaks up to compound components: sulphapyridine and 5-aminosalicylic acid. These substances have antibacterial and antiinflammatory activity. Antiinflammatory effect of 5-aminosalicylic acid thanks to low ability to absorption is defined generally in walls of a large intestine. Sulphapyridine has generally systemic antiinflammatory effect due to better absorption.
Avana - generic of Stendra, based on avanafil, whose mission is aimed at fighting impotence. It differs from the usual Viagra with minimal contraindications, longer positive outcome and the prompt onset of action. Taking one pill,the outcome begins to be felt after fifteen minutes and lasts six hours.
Apcalis SX - Tadalafil pills, released by Ajanta in 20mg dosage. Being equal to Cialis by an outcome and the way of an action, this innovative medical mean is also directed at enhancing the hardness of the male sexual organ and reducing the period on the restoration of the male potency after the sexual act.
Avodart – special medical remedy, also named Dutasteride, refers to urological drugs. A considerable number of men who are at the age of fifty and older address a urologist for the occurrence of a micturition disorder due to benign prostatic hyperplasia. Avodart capsules help to overcome this malady.
Aurogra is the erectile dysfunction drug that belongs to Viagra analogs. The drug is also taken in case of premature ejaculation and enlarged prostate. The drug is prescribed when erectile dysfunction occurs naturally (due to aging) and if it’s the result of bad habits (smoking, alcohol abuse, drug dependence) and diseases. Its main component is Sildenafil Citrate. It’s created to stimulate the natural process of erection in men. Blue diamond pills make the blood flow to the pelvic area and cause a stable erection. The effect of each pill is strong and lasts up to 5 hours.
Astelin belongs to antihistamines which purpose is to block histamines in the human organism. It’s a spray that deletes nasal congestion, itching, and sneezing. The medicine is effective in case of infection, inflammation, and allergic reaction which result in itching, stuffy, and runny nose. Medics usually prescribe it for adults and children above five (in case of seasonal allergy) and above twelve (in case of vasomotor rhinitis that constricts and dilates a vein, artery, or capillary in the nasal cavity).
Berries and the root of an evergreen plant called Ashwagandha are used to manufacture drugs. The benefits of the plant are not well studied but medics prescribe it to treat painful inflammation and stiffness of the joints, nervousness, insomnia, cancer, tuberculosis, breathing difficulties, vitiligo, bronchospasm and coughing, fibromyalgia, problems caused by menstruation, hiccup, and liver disorders. The drugs based on Ashwagandha work as excellent antidepressant and tonic. Some patients use it to cope with pain, inflammatory process, and infertility. It’s applied for wound treatment and as an enhancer of sexual desire.
Advair Diskus is a drug manufactured to cope with diseases which attack bronchi and lungs. Medics prescribe it for people with COPD, pant, wheeze, dyspnea, pulmonary emphysema, and chronic bronchitis. It consists of two main components: a corticosteroid (Fluticasone) and a long-acting beta agonist (Salmeterol). The first component reduces the irritation and the swelling of lungs and bronchi. The second component makes the breathing easier. Doctors prescribe the drug for patients who need a combination treatment when one medication doesn’t work. The medicine is a part of a long-term medication as it isn’t effective in case of sudden asthma attacks.
Alesse is a drug that women take regularly to prevent pregnancy. The medicine contains an estrogen and a progestin. Due to such combination of hormones the ovulation doesn’t occur. The fluid from the vagina gets thicker and prevents ovum fertilization. The drug doesn’t also let the fertilized egg attach to the womb. When the egg doesn’t attach, it will surely leave the body during the menstruation. Pills help to make the menstruation more regular, kill the periodic pain and reduce the amount of blood loss. They are effective in acne treatment and in preventing the risk of ovarian cysts.
Avalide is an effective medicine which aim is to lower the blood pressure. Hypertension provokes serious diseases as strokes, heart attack, and problems with the kidney. An angiotensin receptor blocker and diuretic are the basic components of the drug. The first one relaxes the walls of the blood vessels letting the blood move freely without the pressure. The second component stimulates urination so that a patient can get rid of extra salt and water which also provoke high blood pressure.
Atorlip-5 is a drug which purpose is to lower the level of so-called bad cholesterol in the human organism. Its amount is identified due to the blood testing. The accumulation of low-density lipoprotein can lead to atherosclerosis. As the result, arteries are getting narrow causing cardiovascular complications as strokes, heart attacks, hypertonia, and peripheral artery disease. Liver fat can be also reduced thanks to the drugs. The other benefit is that the medicine increases the level of high-density lipoprotein.
Atorlip-10 belongs to the drugs which reduce the level of low-density lipoprotein and triglycerides. Doctors identify the level with the help of blood tests. If the level is rather high, then the patients are prescribed the pills. Heart attack, strokes, high blood pressure, diabetes, and other cardiovascular diseases can be prevented thanks to the medicine. The pills are effective in case the disease is acquired due to the improper way of living or when it’s inherited.
Combined oral contraceptives block the action of gonadotropins. The first effect of these drugs is aimed to inhibit ovulation. The drug leads to modifications in cervical mucus. Thus, it is strenuous for sperm to pass to the uterine cavity and affect the uterine lining, thereby reducing the possibility of implementation. It helps to prevent pregnancy. Moreover, oral contraceptives prevent pregnancy and have a number of advantages. They have an impact on the cycle of menses and it becomes regular. The amount of blood loss at the time of menstruation is shorter as well as the loss of iron, dysmenorrhea is rare.
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The effect of clomipramine is to inhibit the opposite neurological catching of serotonin and noradrenaline. The most crucial is the suppression of serotonin recapture. In addition, the medicine has a broad range of other pharmacological actions: alpha 1-adrenoliticheskoe, anticholinergic, antigestagen and antiserotonergic. The pill acts on the depressive disorder in general. The difference is usually observed after 2-3 weeks of therapy. Acticine also has a specific influence on obsessive-compulsive disorders.