Most indications for the use of such glucocorticoids as Medrol are due to their anti-inflammatory, immunosuppressive and anti-allergic properties. Due to these properties, the following therapeutic effects are achieved: reduction of the number of immune cells in the vicinity of inflammation; reduction of vasodilation; stabilization of lysosomal membranes; inhibition of phagocytosis; reduction of production of prostaglandins and related compounds.
Diamox weak diuretic which is taken at edematous syndrome, craniocereberal hypertensia, glaucoma, epilepsy and mountain disease. Inhibits carbonic anhydrase in a proximal gyrose tubule of nephron, increases removal with urine Na+, K+, hydrocarbonate, does not influence Cl- egestion, alkalinizes urine.
Diflucan - antifungal medicine, possesses highly specific action, inhibiting activity of enzymes of fungus. It is taken at systemic lesions caused by fungus including meningitis, sepsis, infections of lungs and skin as at patients with a normal immune response, and at patients with various forms of immunosuppression.
Dipyridamole medicine for treatment and prevention of thrombosis and thromboembolism, prevention of occlusion of stents and aortocoronary shunts. Expands coronary vessels (preferential arterioles) and causes significant increase in volume speed of a blood velocity. Increases the level of oxygen in a venous blood of a coronary sine and its absorption by a myocardium.
Ditropan - the antispasmodic, eliminates spasms and lowers a tone of unstriated muscles: GIT, biliary tract, uterus, debilitates detruzor. Increases bladder capacity, reduces the frequency of reductions of a detruzor, constrains desires to urination. It is well tolerated by patients at long prescription. It is taken at a neurogenic bladder, an urine incontience, night enuresis at children.
Dulcolax - purgative. Causes irritation of the receptor of bowels, exerts direct impact at mucous membrane of intestines, strengthening its peristaltics and increasing secretion of slime in a large intestine. It is effective at hypotonic and colonic inertia for regulation of fecal matter. Sometimes it is taken at preparation for surgeries, instrumental examinationand and radiological researches.
Duphaston - gestagenic medicine, makes the selection impact on endometria, promotes formation of a normal secretory endometria at women after preliminary therapy by estrogen. It is taken at the infertility caused by luteal deficiency. It is also effective at treatment of gestagenny insufficiency, endometriosis; secondary amenorrheas; dysfunctional metrorrhagia; premenstrual syndrome.
Diabecon is aimed at increasing peripheral glucose intake, restoring B cells, increasing C – peptide levels. Diabecon has antioxidant properties, protecting cells from oxidative stress. The drug eliminates the painful symptoms of diabetes: polyuria, fever, burning feet and hands. Symptoms are eliminated not immediately after administration but within two to three weeks. This is due to changes in chemical processes in the body that cause symptoms of the disease. Diabecon naturally reduces craving for sweets, restores the patient's appetite, normalizes the functions of liver and kidney.
The medicine has many natural ingredients with astringent and antimicrobial effects. It removes microorganisms which are in charge of continuous and acute diarrhea. Diarex insures the strengths of the intestinal tract. Being antioxidative, it improves health for the digestive and gastrointestinal tract. Anti-inflammatory and calmative functions of the pill make healing of the intestinal mucosa faster, reduce muscle spasm and abdominal colic connected with the intestinal infection.
Dutas is a mix of two medicines: dutasteride and tamsulosin hydrochloride. The drugs have complementary mechanisms of action, due to which there is a rapid weakening of urination. It reduces the risk of retention of the urine. It is not anticipated that the pharmacodynamic reactions of a fixed dosage mix of dutasteride-tamsulosin differ from those obtained with the simultaneous use of dutasteride and tamsulosin as separate elements. Dutasteride inhibits the activity of both the 1st and 2nd type of isoenzymes. DHT is an androgen that is responsible for prostate and the increase of BPH. It inhibits the activity of adrenoreceptors.
The component of Duphalac is Lactulose. It is used as a means to decrease the content of hydrogen nitride in the blood. It is a disaccharide that is not captivated in the digestive tract. Under the action of microorganisms of the colon, the component is cleaved to form organic acids, together with acetic and lactic acids. The effect of acids on the mucous membrane of the colon increases motility. The number of proteolytic bacteria is reduced with the growth in the number of acidophilic Increasing the acidity of the environment slows down the absorption of NH3 from the intestine. It was found that Duphalac facilitates the circulation of ammonia from the vessels into the cavity of the colon.
Differin is a white gel or cream. The drug is used to treat acne. It can also be used to combat comedones. Differin monotherapy is helpful in case of minor acne. For the treatment of severe and moderate degree of acne, the drug is used in conjunction with systemic drugs (antiandrogens, antibacterial agents). The drug is well tolerated. It rarely causes irritation, so its use is good even for those who have sensitive skin with acne. The gel is more suitable for oily skin and the cream suits better for dry skin.
Dostinex is used to treat hyperprolactinemia, which manifests as infertility, a violation of the menstrual cycle (oligomenorrhea, amenorrhea, anovulatory menstrual cycles), galactorrhea in women. Men use it to treat hyperprolactinemia, which manifests itself by a decrease in libido or impotence. The drug copes with micro- or macroprolactinoma, idiopathic hyperprolactinemia, syndrome of an empty Turkish saddle. It also suppresses physiological lactation after childbirth if the woman is unwilling or unable to breastfeed, or if there are contraindications to feeding for the child or the mother. The drug prevents lactation after childbirth in case of abortion or stillbirth.