The component of Duphalac is Lactulose. It is used as a means to decrease the content of hydrogen nitride in the blood. It is a disaccharide that is not captivated in the digestive tract. Under the action of microorganisms of the colon, the component is cleaved to form organic acids, together with acetic and lactic acids. The effect of acids on the mucous membrane of the colon increases motility. The number of proteolytic bacteria is reduced with the growth in the number of acidophilic Increasing the acidity of the environment slows down the absorption of NH3 from the intestine. It was found that Duphalac facilitates the circulation of ammonia from the vessels into the cavity of the colon.
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Duphalac is an effective remedy when there is a difficulty clearing the bowels from clogged fecal masses. Its main ingredient is lactulose. From the chemical perspective, this component is a sugar that has a way of natural decomposition in human body. It gets broken down in the large bowel into mild organic acids which, in their turn, stimulate the colon, softening the stool.
This medicine cannot be taken by people who stay on a special lactose-galactose-free diet.
Directions for use
Take Duphalac, strictly adhering to the prescription information or guidance by your physician. Do not exceed the specified dose or continue the drug for longer periods of time than recommended. Use the product label to learn more about the properties of this medicine.
Apply a special measuring plastic cup or spoon to get the right quantity of the liquid drug. Avoid using a regular table spoon. In case you lack a suitable measuring accessory, you can buy one from your pharmacist.
Lactulose in a liquid form may faintly darken with time, but this effect is not harmful. At the same time, refrain from using the drug if it achieves a very dark color, or if its texture becomes significantly thinner or thicker.
The minimal amount of water for making a lactulose mixture is 4 ounces. You can substitute water with milk or fruit juice to improve the taste.
The delay in drug bowel-moving action may reach up to 48 hours after taking your dose of lactulose.
Patients who stay on lactulose over a long stretch of time may be directed by their physician to conduct blood tests once in a while. Follow the procedure closely and do not skip your planned test appointments.
A missed dose should be either made up (if missed closely) or skipped and further taken according to your dosing schedule. Do not double the dose to compensate for the missed one.
Before starting to take Duphalac, inform your doctor of the conditions you have. This includes diabetes or conditions requiring you to conduct an intestinal test of any kind using a scope (e.g., colonoscopy).
Discontinue your treatment with Duphalac and contact your doctor immediately if you begin suffering from severe diarrhea.
This medication belongs to pregnancy category B by FDA. Experience of its use has not been associated with any hazards to a fetus. Inform your attending doctor of your planned or ongoing pregnancy that coincides with the beginning of Duphalac treatment. Little data exists regarding the ability of lactulose to pass into breast milk or cause adverse outcomes in a nursling. Avoid using this drug prior to telling your physician if you are currently nursing a baby.
The few undesirable interactions include antacids. Therapies with drugs of this class could impact the ability of your body to uptake lactulose. Adhere to your therapeutist’s advice in what concerns antacids of the specific types that can be administered along with Duphalac.
Seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following allergic responses to the drug: urticaria, trouble with breathing freely, facial edema, or sore throat. Interrupt your treatment with Duphalac and contact your physician right away if you start experiencing symptoms of intense diarrhea.
More common side effects may manifest as bloating, accumulation of gas, stomachache, moderate diarrhea, nausea and unsettled stomach. Read the product leaflet to find out other possible reactions.